DHI量表和VADL量表对前庭神经炎患者生活质量评价及影响因素分析

作者单位:550088 贵阳,贵阳市第二人民医院神经内科

 DHI量表;VADL量表;前庭神经炎;生活质量

Evaluation of Quality of Life and Analysis of Influencing Factors in Patients with Vestibular Neuritis by DHI and VADL
FU Rong, CHEN Zewen, HUANG Minglu, ZHAO Jing

(Department of Neurology, Second People’s Hospital of Guiyang, Guiyang 550088, Guizhou Province, China)

 DHI scale; vADL Scale; Vestibular Neuritis; Quality of Life

DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7185.2020.06.019

备注

 目的  应用眩晕残障程度评定量表(DHI)、日常活动前庭功能障碍等级量表( VAD L)评价前庭神经炎( V N)患者的生活质量,并分析影响因素。方法  选取2017年9月—2019年6月贵阳市第二人民医院神经内科收治的以眩晕为主诉的前庭神经炎患者87例,比较治疗及康复训练前后患者的D HI评分及V A DL评分。结果  治疗前DHI评分为(59.02±14.35)分,治疗后为(4.07±3.68)分,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);治疗前VADL评分为(9.80±2.10)分,治疗后为(1.24±0.12)分,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论  DHI量表和VADL量表评分变化可评估VN患者前庭功能障碍改善情况及生活质量(QOL),可为临床诊治提供合理参考。
 Objective  To evaluate the quality of life (QOL) of patients with vestibular neuritis (VN) by using the vertigo Disability Rating Scale (DHI) and the vestibular dysfunction rating scale (vADL), and analyze the influencing factors. Methods  From September 2017 to June 2019, a total of 87 patients with vestibular neuritis who complained of vertigo were selected from the Department of Neurology of Guiyang Second People’s hospital. The DHI and vADL scores of the patients before and after treatment and rehabilitation training were compared. Results  The score of DHI was (59.02±14.35) before treatment and (4.07±3.68) after treatment, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The score of vADL was (9.80±2.10) before treatment and (1.24±0.12) after treatment, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion  The changes of DHI and VADL can evaluate the improvement of vestibular dysfunction and quality of life (QOL) in VN patients, and provide a reasonable reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.