新生儿医用粘胶相关性皮肤损伤的1∶1配对研究

作者单位:122000 辽宁 朝阳,朝阳市第二医院新生儿科

 医用粘胶相关性皮炎;新生儿;配对研究;护理

One-to-one Matched Study of Neonatal Medical Adhesive Related Skin Injury
YANG Shufen

(Department of Neonatology, the Second Hospital of Chaoyang, Chaoyang 122000, Liaoning Province, China)

 Medical Adhesive Related Skin Injury; Newborn; Matched Study; Nursing

DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7185.2020.02.013

备注

 目的  为预防新生儿医用粘胶相关性皮炎(MARSI)提供护理对策。方法  回顾性收集2014—2019年朝阳市第二医院新生儿科收治的患儿中出现M A R SI者93例作为观察组;以出生时间作为配对依据,选择同时期住院,有医用粘胶应用史且未出现M A R SI的新生儿93例作为对照组。比较两组的基线资料、治疗史、粘胶成分、粘胶使用情况、粘胶移除情况。结果  观察组和对照组胎龄、营养状况、口鼻插管、粘贴时间、快速揭除和垂直揭除差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论  护理工作者应针对容易导致新生儿M ARSI的因素施行有针对性的护理措施,以期降低其发病率。
 Objective  To provide nursing strategies for the prevention of neonatal medical adhesive related skin injury (MARSI). Methods  A total of 93 MARSI cases in neonatology department of our hospital from 2014 to 2019 were retrospectively collected as the observation group, and 93 cases of newborn with medical glue application history and without MARSI in the same period were selected as the control group based on the birth time. The baseline data, treatment history, composition of adhesive, usage of adhesive and removal of adhesive were compared between the two groups. Results  There were significant differences in gestational age, nutritional status, intubation, sticking time, rapid and vertical removal between the two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion  The nursing workers should take targeted nursing measures to reduce the incidence of MARSI.